Saturday, August 29, 2009

BusinessFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaJump to: navigation, search This article needs additional citations for verification.Please help improve this article by adding reliable references. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (September 2008)For other uses, see Business (disambiguation) and The Business (disambiguation). Companies law Company · BusinessSole proprietorship Partnership(General · Limited · LLP) CorporationCooperative United States S corporation · C corporationLLC · LLLP · Series LLCDelaware corporationNevada corporationMassachusetts business trust UK / Ireland / Commonwealth Limited company(by shares · by guaranteePublic · Proprietary) Community interest company European Union / EEA SE · SCE · SPE · EEIG Elsewhere AB · AG · ANS · A/S · AS · GmbHK.K. · N.V. · OY · S.A. · more Doctrines Corporate governanceLimited liability · Ultra viresBusiness judgment ruleInternal affairs doctrine De facto corporation andcorporation by estoppel Piercing the corporate veilRochdale Principles Related areas Contract · Civil procedure v • d • e A business (also called firm or an enterprise) is a legally recognized organizational entity designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, most being privately owned and formed to earn profit to increase the wealth of owners. The owners and operators of a business have as one of their main objectives the receipt or generation of a financial return in exchange for work and acceptance of risk. Notable exceptions include cooperative businesses and state-owned enterprises. Socialistic systems involve either government, public, or worker ownership of most sizable businesses.The etymology of "business" relates to the state of being busy either as an individual or society as a whole, doing commercially viable and profitable work. The term "business" has at least three usages, depending on the scope — the singular usage (above) to mean a particular company or corporation, the generalized usage to refer to a particular market sector, such as "the music business" and compound forms such as agribusiness, or the broadest meaning to include all activity by the community of suppliers of goods and services. However, the exact definition of business, like much else in the philosophy of business, is a matter of debate.Business Studies, the study of the management of individuals to maintain collective productivity in order to accomplish particular creative and productive goals (usually to generate profit), is taught as an academic subject in many schools.Contents [hide]1 Basic forms of ownership 2 Classifications 3 Organization 4 Management 5 Government regulation 5.1 Organizing a business 5.2 Commercial law 5.3 Capital 5.4 Intellectual property 5.5 Exit plans 6 See also 7 External links 8 Notes and references[edit] Basic forms of ownershipAlthough forms of business ownership vary by jurisdiction, there are several common forms:Sole proprietorship: A sole proprietorship is a business owned by one person. The owner may operate on his or her own or may employ others. The owner of the business has total and unlimited personal liability of the debts incurred by the business. Partnership: A partnership is a form of business in which two or more people operate for the common goal of making profit. Each partner has total and unlimited personal liability of the debts incurred by the partnership. There are three typical classifications of partnerships: general partnerships, limited partnerships, and limited liability partnerships. Corporation: A business corporation is a for-profit, limited liability entity that has a separate legal personality from its members. A corporation is owned by multiple shareholders and is overseen by a board of directors, which hires the business's managerial staff. Cooperative: Often referred to as a "co-op business" or "co-op", a cooperative is a for-profit, limited liability entity that differs from a corporation in that it has members, as opposed to shareholders, who share decision-making authority. Cooperatives are typically classified as either consumer cooperatives or worker cooperatives. Cooperatives are fundamental to the ideology of economic democracy. For a country-by-country listing of legally recognized business forms, see Types of business entity.


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